Even the most careful attitude to jewelry will not keep it from getting dirty. Sooner or later, expensive jewelry should be cleaned, whether it is often worn or stored in a box. Those who choose to clean their own stone jewelry should follow a few simple guidelines. Among them, the first and basic rule is that the way of cleaning should be chosen according to the properties of the most delicate item of jewelry.
2 simple remedies for cleaning gold jewelry
If the purpose of the procedure is to return the shine of the gold setting, the choice of means must necessarily be consistent with the properties of the stone.
A soapy or soda solution is the most common way to remove traces of grease, dirt or dust from gold. After such cleaning, the piece should be rinsed, wiped down and polished with a soft cloth.
It is easy and simple to deal with dirt if you put the gold object in 95% alcohol and polish it after it has dried. Lemon juice or citric acid solution also works as a cleanser for gold. In this case, you should be especially careful with the stone, as many of them react too actively with acids.
How to clean stones and what does not suit them
Pearls, nacre and opals are some of the most delicate stones. The main thing to keep in mind is to keep them away from acids. You can treat your pearls in a mildly acidic solution only if you need to dissolve the top layer to restore the luster of the piece. Particularly dangerous for opals and pearls are the effects of high temperatures and drying out. Cosmetic products and alcohol could also have a negative influence on their appearance.
Preferably, pearls should be cleaned with products specially designed for that purpose, or with plain water and sea salt. Opals, on the other hand, need moisture, so they should be washed under running water and then kept for some time wrapped in a damp cloth.
Turquoise too demands careful treatment. It dislikes alcohol just as much as it dislikes sweat and oils. The best way to clean it is with baking soda. After washing, you will need to wipe the turquoise thoroughly dry.
Corals love a salt bath. After washing procedure in salt water, the product with corals should be rinsed well and wiped with a dry cloth.
Topaz, quartz, garnets and other hard stones (with hardness higher than 5 on the Mohs scale) are less fastidious to detergents and both soapy solutions and alcohol are quite adequate for cleaning them. It is possible to use a brush with a soft pile. But it is better to be careful with acids.
It is better to expose the stones to the sun after washing them, so that they can be infused with the energy of the sun. In this case, keep in mind that the coloring of turquoise, garnet, blue topaz and chrysoprase may lose its intensity after a long period of sunbathing.
General requirements for all jewelry
Certain chemicals and their compounds can harm the appearance of your gold. These include iodine, chlorine, copper and mercury salts. Precious and semi-precious stones each have their own list of detrimental factors, right down to the possibility of scratching the surface.
To avoid any damage to your jewelry, you should remove it before doing any household chores, as well as before going to the shower, to the beach, to the beauty parlor, and so on. In this case, the jewelry will be protected from mechanical damage, loss of luster or color.